Diabetes Mellitus is a disease that interferes with the body’s ability to metabolize glucose, which we obtain from the food we eat. While the pancreas usually secretes insulin, a hormone that tells our body’s cells to absorb glucose from the bloodstream and use it for energy when our blood sugar rises after we eat. Have you recently had an increase in your blood sugar levels? Book in with one of our dietitians today to lower your blood sugar levels!
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is a genetic autoimmune disorder commonly diagnosed in children. In type 1 diabetes mellitus the pancreas to be unable to produce insulin. As a result, body cells cannot take up glucose from our bloodstream, meaning the body can no longer use this nutrient for energy.
Common signs and symptoms of uncontrolled blood sugars:
- rapid weight loss or loss
- extreme hunger
- exhaustion or lack of energy
- frequent urination
- unusual thirst
- frequent urination
- blurred vision
- frequent or recurring infections
- cuts and bruises that are slow to heal
- tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
In type 1 diabetes because the body cannot produce insulin you must inject insulin or use an insulin pump to control your blood sugars. This is measured through regular blood glucose testing or a continuous glucose monitor. Insulin injections replace the insulin the body would normally produce. As a result, those with type 1 diabetes can manage their condition and pursue a fulfilling lifestyle. While insulin injections are the primary treatment for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, some dietary changes can also help in managing blood glucose levels. Book in with one of dietitians today for diabetes support!
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 2 diabetes your pancreas is still producing insulin however it is not producing enough to keep your blood sugars in a healthy range. 90% of diabetes diagnosis are type 2 diabetes.
- over the age of 40
- Grandparent, a parent or sibling with diabetes
- Ethnic background is also a factor
- Mothers who had gestational diabetes, or given birth to a baby over 9lbs
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops specifically in pregnant people who have never had diabetes, and usually disappears after the baby is born. While it often does not present any obvious symptoms aside from occasional increased thirst and urination, those who experience gestational diabetes, along with their child, have an increased risk for type 2 diabetes later in life. Like Type 2 Diabetes, gestational diabetes can be controlled through dietary changes and medication to help manage blood sugar levels. In some individuals blood sugars do not lower enough from diet and lifestyle and insulin injections are needed. Book in today with one of our dietitans for support with managing blood glucose during pregnancy.